While the two terms may seem interchangeable, even different terms for the same practice; they are actually very different, although symbiotic, in the sense that they nurture and support each other, but require different skills for each. Put simply, meditation is the practice of quiet, an inwards focus on “nothing”, and the practice of mindfulness is to be integrated fully in the present, in “something”.
Staying present is one of the biggest challenges for those trying to recover from trauma. Triggers and flashbacks from events in the past can drag you out of reality and back into a world that no longer exists. However, there are ways to train your brain to stay present instead of torturing you with the past.